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Invited Review Article

  • Title Page

    • Concise Title
    • Author’s Full Name
    • Author’s Institute
    • Author’s Email
    • Corresponding Author
    • 3-10 Keywords

  • Abstract

    • 350 words max
    • Briefly explain the innovation being reviewed
    • Briefly outline important developments in the innovation, including any controversies
    • Give projections for future research

  • Introduction

    • Introduce innovation for readers across disciplines
    • Synthesize, rather than summarize, recent developments

  • Main Text

    • Focus writing on important references of past 2-4 years, but include historical reference as needed
    • Conclude with an ‘Innovation Statement’ describing where we are now with the innovation, and with ’Future Directions’ providing guideposts for researchers looking to contribute to this field

  • Funding & Conflict Of Interest

    • List all sources of funding used for the study
    • List any Conflict(s) of Interest

  • Acknowledgments

    • List all contributors who did not meet our Authorship Criteria and their role in the study

  • References

    • List all references cited in the order they appear in the text
    • See Reference Page for details

General Guidelines

All review articles in INNOVATION are by invitation only to leaders in their respective fields. Each review offers a balanced account of emerging innovations and provides a detailed review of the most relevant recent literature and the outlook of future research.


Authors invited to submit an invited review should set the background for the review and then focus on recent findings. It is critical that authors give a balanced view of developments, especially in fields that are controversial. Authors are encouraged to discuss their contributions to the field, but they must not focus excessively on their own research. Speculation and debate are encouraged only if the author explicitly states where his or her own opinions are being stated.


Authors should begin with a brief, but detailed introduction outlining the timeliness, importance, and rationale behind your Invited Review. Use the body of the Review to discuss progress, limitations, and controversies (if applicable), along with valid evidence supporting each discussion. A final summary should serve as a guidepost for researchers looking for the most promising routes to contribute to the field.


Our audience includes clinicians, researchers, educators, marketers, policy makers and any individuals interested in biomedical innovation. Thus, authors must make articles accessible to a broad, diverse audience. Oversimplification and excessive use of jargon are discouraged, provided accuracy and completeness are not sacrificed. Glossary boxes to explain terms are strongly encouraged.


INNOVATION Invited Reviews must not include unpublished data, new hypotheses, formal mathematical models, or meta-analysis. On rare occasions, explicitly identified unpublished data may be presented, but only when necessary to add to published, valid data. Authors will be required to remove arguments based solely on unpublished data from the manuscript.

Author Instructions : Invited Review Article

Title Page

Concise title should include a concise description of the case(s) and innovation


Full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors
If a collaboration group is to be listed as an author, list the Group name as an author. If you would like the names of the individual members of the Group to be searchable through their individual PubMed records, please include this information in the “Acknowledgements” section in accordance with the instructions below.
Indicate the corresponding author


Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article


List Of Abbreviations
If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of abbreviations should be provided.


350 words maximum


Briefly explain the innovation being reviewed.
Briefly outline important developments in the innovation and what, if any, controversy exists regarding the science or use of the innovation.


Briefly give projections for future research in this field.


Do not include references.

Body Of Text

The introduction should be written for readers from multiple disciplines.
State why the innovation or topic is important and why it is important now.
Synthesize, rather than summarize, recent developments.


Focus your writing on the important references of the past 2–4 years (most references should be no more than 5 years old) that relate to the innovation you were asked to review. Primary literature should be the main source of information regarding your topic, although pertinent reviews on less important points are acceptable.
Subheadings (in Bold) are encouraged to help you organize the information and guide readers through the topic.


Conclude your writing with two sections:

  • Innovation Statement: Concisely state where we are with the innovation you discussed.
  • Future Directions: Provide guideposts for researchers looking for the most promising routes to contribute to the field. This section should also highlight current and future limitations of possible research endeavors.

Reviews can contain additional elements, including Figures, Tables, and Text Boxes. Text Boxes can be used as the author wishes. Examples of uses for Text Boxes:

  • Highlights (900 characters, including spaces): A short collection of bullet point statements that concisely convey the recent advances in the area, including emerging concepts and/or distinctions.
  • Glossary (450 words): Define terms that may not be familiar to non-experts in the field. List glossary terms in alphabetical order. Glossary terms should be in bold followed by a colon, followed by the explanation, which should not be in bold. Add “(see Glossary)” after the glossary term is first mentioned in the text only. The first time a term in the Glossary is used in the text use bold font.
  • Text Boxes (400 words): Ideal for providing explanations of basic concepts or theories, giving detailed mechanisms, or discussing case studies. Cite text boxes in the main text as: (Box 1). Boxes should have a concise single sentence title. Text boxes can contain small figures and tables as needed. Number figures or tables within a text box with Roman numerals (e.g. Figure IV) and cite the element in the box text. References used in a Text Box should be listed in the main reference list, and numbered to follow after references in the main text. For example, if the last reference number in the main text is 75, then the first reference in Text Box 1 is reference number 76. No more than four text boxes per article.


All funding sources for the research reported must be declared. The role of the funding body in the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript must be declared.


An acknowledgements section may be included prior to the references. Authors should acknowledge contributors who did not meet INNOVATION’s Authorship Criteria.


See our References Guidelines for details on formatting references.